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# Java Conditional Operator ? : (Ternary Operator)

Java conditional operator (also known as ternary operator) is a conditional statement and can also be considered as a short version of if else. Ternary operator has three operands and return one of the 2nd or 3rd values depends on the first boolean expression.

24 March 2020 0 Java**Conditional Operator Syntax**

*booleanExpression? expression1: expression2*

If the *booleanExpression *is *true*, then *expression1* value is returned. If it is *false*, then *expression2* value is returned.

**Example 1: **`(a > b) ? a : b;`

**Hint:** if (a > b) is true, then a will be returned. else, b will be returned.

```
int a = 5;
int b = 4;
int c = (a > b) ? a : b;
//since a>b
//c = 5
```

**Example 2:** To compare the conditional statement with the if-else statement, let's write the if-else equivalent of the first example.

```
int a = 5;
int b = 4;
int c;
//int c = (a > b) ? a : b;
if (a > b)
c = a;
else
c = b;
//since a>b
//c = 5
```

**Example 3:** It is also possible to write nested conditional statements in Java. Let's write a nested *if/else if/else* statement with both *if* and The Ternary Operators.

**IF Version:**

```
int a=5;
int b=5;
String c;
if(a > b) {
c = "greater";
}
else if(a == b) {
c = "equals";
}
else {
c = "smaller";
}
System.out.println(c); //equals
```

**Conditional Statement Version:**

**Hint: nested Sytax is:**

`Condition1 ? X : (Condition2 ? Y : Z);`

**Solution:**

```
int a=5;
int b=5;
String c;
c = a > b ? "greater" : (a == b ? "equals" : "smaller");
System.out.println(c); //equals
```